By Esta Theron, 30 June 2021
Esta Theron, Business Development Manager at Glacier by Sanlam, examines how early retirement can impact a person’s capital retirement savings and the amount of their potential future gross monthly income after retirement.
In Andile’s story and the calculations that follow, Esta illustrates that even if early retirement seems appealing, the numbers often aren’t. If you are ‘forced’ to retire early, say at 55, it’s best to try to earn a salary in some way, for at least another five years. Retiring as early as 55 is just not the best decision to make, since you could still live for another 30+ years and to do so with confidence, you’ll need a great deal of capital.
Working and saving another five years, not only will ensure a larger income, but will also keep you economically active for longer, which has great benefits psychologically. If there is no way out and you have to retire at age 55, consider a combination of post-retirement solutions to ensure the best possible income with growth and to secure some part of your capital for your loved ones.
Andile is currently 30 years old and earns a gross annual salary of R325 000. He intends to start investing R2 031.25 (7.5% of his monthly salary) into his employer’s pension fund at the end of each month. If we assume a capital growth rate of 10% per annum in the pension fund, without any increase in Andile’s contributions, the difference in the value of his retirement savings between the age of 55 and 60 is illustrated below.
Based on the assumptions we have made, if Andile retires at 55, he would have accumulated R2 695 130 in retirement savings. However, if he retires at 60 years, he would have R4 591 616 in retirement savings. By retiring early, Andile therefore would reduce the capital amount of retirement savings from which he would live off in retirement by almost R2 000 000.
If Andile then chooses to purchase a guaranteed life annuity with the full value of his retirement savings from the pension fund, at 55 years or 60 years, the gross monthly income he would receive during his retirement, based on quotations at 10 June 2021 (rates are subject to change), with the assumptions of a 20-year guaranteed term and a 5% annual growth on income, is presented below.
The difference in income received if Andile retires five years later is R9 323 per month (R23 070 – R13 747 = R9 323). So, if he chooses to retire early at age 55, he will have less retirement savings available and he will also receive less income from a guaranteed life annuity.
If, despite the early retirement shortfall, Andile still chooses to retire early from his pension fund because he is not able to postpone his retirement, there are a few post-retirement options available to him. Based on the same previous assumption that there is a capital growth rate of 10% per annum in the pension fund, without any increase in Andile’s contributions, we have provided three post-retirement options for Andile which offer varying levels of flexibility.
100% in a guaranteed life annuity with a 20-year guaranteed term and an assumed 5% annual growth on income.
100% in a living annuity with the same income as Option 1. We have assumed income growth at 5% and capital growth at 9% per annum.
Andile’s capital could be split as follows:
Each option would provide Andile with the same income annuity amount, but the third option will provide him with a guaranteed lifetime income and the opportunity to preserve some capital on the side as well.
The table below illustrates an example of the outcome of each option at age 55, with retirement capital of R2 695 130, assuming an income growth rate of 5% and a capital growth of 9% (inflation + 4%).
If Andile waits another five years and retires at age 60, when the capital has grown to R4 591 616, the outcome of each option will be as follows:
The ASISA guidelines on maximum withdrawal levels noted in the table below should be followed when deciding on the amount of income to be taken from a living annuity. If an annuitant adheres to these guidelines, they should be able to ensure that the capital is not depleted over their lifetime, to provide the chosen income until death – with a little bit of capital to spare. If the annuitant is not able to stick to these guidelines, and requires a higher annuity income drawdown, it is advisable to consider alternative options, i.e. a combination or a guaranteed life annuity.
All monetary values in this article are assumptions, and for illustrative purposes only. As markets fluctuate and every client is different, values, rates and incomes will vary.